WHAT IS PSILOCYBE MEXICANA
Psilocybe mexicana is a psychedelic. Its first usage was by the natives of North and Central America over 2,000 years ago. Known to the Aztecs as teotlnanácatl, from the Nahuatl teotl (“god”) + nanácatl (“fungus”). This species was categorized by French botanist Roger Heim.
DESCRIPTION OF PSILOCYBE MEXICANA
First the cap: (0.5)1 — 2(3) cm in diameter, conic to campanulate or subumbonate and often with a slight papilla, hygrophanous or glabrescent, even to striate at the margin, ocherous to brown or beige to straw color in age, sometimes with blueish or greenish tones, easily turning blue when injured.
Second the gills: Adnate or adnexed, gray to purple-brown with whitish edges.
Also pore Print: Dark purple-brown
Next the stipe: 4 — 10(12.5) cm tall x 1 — 2(3) mm thick, equal, hollow, straw color to brownish or reddish-brown.
Furthermore the odor is farinaceous
The taste is also Farinaceous
In addition, the microscopic features: Spores 8 — 12 x 5 — 8 μm. Ovoid and smooth. Cheilocystidia 13–34 μm, fusoid-ampullaceous to sublageniform, sometimes with a forked neck.
Also pleurocystidia sublageniform or absent.
Finally psilocybe mexicana may form sclerotia, a dormant form of the organism, which affords it some protection from wildfires and other natural disasters.
Distribution and habitat
Mexicana mushroom grows alone or in small groups among moss along roadsides and trails, humid meadows or cornfields, in particular in the grassy areas bordering deciduous forests.
Also common at elevations between 300–550 metres , rare in lower elevations only from Mexico, Costa Rica and Guatemala.
Consumption and cultivation
As well as other psilocybin mushrooms in the genus, Psilocybe mexicana has been consumed by indigenous North American peoples for its entheogenic effects.
Also In the Western world, sclerotia of Psilocybe mexicana are sometimes cultivated for entheogenic use.
And the sclerotia have a lower content of active substances than the actual mushrooms themselves.